Title: The Mediating Effect of Resilience and Self-concept in the Relationship Between Bullying Victimization and Sense of Well Being Among Adolescents
Stream: Counselling, Guidance & Adjustment in Education
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Dorit Olenik-Shemesh, The Open University of Israel, Israel
Tali Heiman, The Open University of Israel, Israel
Studies have shown that being bullied by peers in adolescence is strongly and consistently associated with a decreased sense of well-being that may affect the appropriate process of development and might be expressed in emotional, physical, and behavioral effects. Yet, only few studies have examined personal variables that might mediate the relationship between bullying victimization and low levels of well-being. In this study, we have examined the possible mediating effect of two main positive personal variables that may serve as mediators in these relationships: Resilience and self-concept. 507 middle school students, aged 11–16 (53% boys, 47% girls) completed 4 questionnaires regarding: Bullying victimization, well-being, resilience and self-concept. A mediation model analysis was performed, whereas the hypothesized mediation model was accepted in full. More specifically, it was found that both self-concept and resilience mediate the relationship between bullying victimization and sense of well-being, thus high levels of both variables might buffer against a decrease in well-being associated with youth bullying victimization. No gender differences were found, except a small stronger effect of resilience on well-being for boys. The results suggest specific directions and recommendation for further research and insights into intervention and prevention programs, in order to improve existing programs along with creating an infrastructure for new intervention programs for coping with youth bullying behaviors.
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