Title: Indonesia National Education Response in COVID-19: A Policy Analysis Approach
Stream: Educational Policy, Leadership, Management & Administration
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Desi Saragih, Indonesia School of Government and Public Policy, Indonesia
Since the Covid-19 outbreak in March 2020, the Indonesia Ministry of Education had formulated, released, and adjusted numbers of policies responding to the national priority agenda of public health resilience. This paper discusses the dynamics of education response at a policy level, focusing on stakeholders' role and involvement at central and subnational levels. During the Covid-19 pandemic, The Joint Decree of Four Ministries (Minister of Education and Culture, Minister of Religion, Minister of Health, and The Minister of Home Affairs) coordinated with the National Task Force Covid-19 had been the significant framework for education policymaking. Two policies for education delivery methods during the pandemic are; (1) Belajar Dari Rumah (BDR) or Learn from Home; (2) Pembelajaran Tatap Muka (PTM) or Face to Face Learning. As an archipelagic country with a decentralized government system, the policy decision had been through challenges and dynamics indicated by numbers of revisions in published guidelines by GoI. The Guidelines for Implementation of Learning in the New Academic Year and Academic Year during the Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) Pandemic Period initiated in June (3 months after the Covid-19 outbreak), then published in July 2020. Within this four months' time, the subnational government experienced a limp in handling the education delivery. The top-down policymaking approach in Indonesia's education policy response leaves space for innovation in local government's practical adaptation. However, the capacity to deliver within that space is yet to be successfully performed by the subnational government.
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