Title: Learning Effectiveness of Primary School Children in the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia
Stream: Primary & Secondary Education
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Indra Kertati, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Semarang Central Java, Indonesia
COVID-19 has an impact on the unpreparedness of the community and the government, especially in improving the quality of children's education. The increasing number of cases with rapid escalation has forced the government to take steps to reduce problems, especially the education of elementary school children. The Ministry of Indonesian Education issued Guidelines for Organizing Learning from Home in an Emergency Period for the Spread of COVID-19. This guide was unable to be implemented by both teachers, parents, and students, thus online learning is not effective. People faced social shock and stammer in this situation. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of primary school children's learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. We used a mixed-method by collecting data in 24 provinces in Indonesia, with 1289 samples from primary school teachers, 2131 primary school children, 469 parents, and 45 local governments from the district and regional education officer. Data were analyzed using the Embedded Design model. The results showed that the online teaching and learning process was not optimal in improving children's learning achievement. Teachers are slow to respond to changes in learning, and parents have a considerable additional burden both materially and learning intensity for children. Another finding showed the number of children who were stressed due to being kept at home without meeting and hanging out with teachers and their friends. This finding has contributed to the Ministry of Education and Culture to develop various guidelines, especially for teachers, to improve online learning effectiveness.
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