Psychometric Properties of MRRF-Academic Resilience Scale (MRRF-ARS): A Multifaceted Measure of Resilience

Conference: The Asian Conference on Education & International Development (ACEID2022)
Title: Psychometric Properties of MRRF-Academic Resilience Scale (MRRF-ARS): A Multifaceted Measure of Resilience
Stream: Counselling, Guidance & Adjustment in Education
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Melvin Angeles, Camarines Norte State College, Philippines
Roda Mae Roadel, University of Nueva Caceres, Philippines
Raven Shea, Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines
Marie Pauline Faye Sales, Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines


Resilience views as a multifaceted construct anchored on the strength of the human being to withstand and bounce back despite adversity. MRRF- Academic Resilience Scale (MRRF-ARS) is a newly developed instrument that will help measure the academic resilience of Senior High School Students. Hence, this paper aims to establish the psychometric properties of the MRRF- Academic Resilience Scale in terms of factor structures, reliability, and validity. The sample consisted of senior high school students (N=340) from different educational institutions. Preliminaries in test construction were anchored on factors identified based on existing literature. Exploratory factor analysis was employed to evaluate the factor structure of the initial 108-items of MRRF-ARS. Using Varimax Extraction Method, the initial 108-item questionnaire was reduced to 68 items with only two factors, while other factors were excluded due to the low commonalities. The factors that emerged after the extraction are (1) Positive coping and regulation and; (2) Negative coping and Perception of academics. The result proved high internal reliability and constructed validity for the final 68 items inventory. It suggests that the MRRF-Academic Resilience Scale has a good implication in measuring academic resilience and the emerging identified factors represent standard features evident in existing research investigating resilience. Thus, this research can be used both academic and counseling intervention.

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