The Relation Between Bullying at School and Cyberbullying – Risk and Protective Factors

Conference: The Paris Conference on Education (PCE2022)
Title: The Relation Between Bullying at School and Cyberbullying – Risk and Protective Factors
Stream: Mind, Brain & Psychology: Human Emotional & Cognitive Development & Outcomes within Educational Contexts
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Ifigenia Stylianou, University of Cyprus, Cyprus
Stavrinides Panayiotis, University of Cyprus, Cyprus


Recent literature suggests the commonalities between school bullying and cyberbullying. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the risk to get involved in cyberbullying after engagement in bullying incidents that were not effectively managed by the school environment. Study aims to test (1) the effect of being involved in traditional bullying in the past on current cyberbullying, and (2) the role of school-related factors in this relationship. A sample of 917 Cypriots students aged 15-18 years, completed the Personal Experiences Checklist, the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction, the School Climate Bullying Survey and the Inventory of Parents and Peer Attachment, and rated the frequency of past involvement in conventional bullying and victimization. We used AMOS 24.0 to run structural equation models and test the study hypotheses. Negative school climate, as defined by the low willingness to report bullying and seek help and alienation from peers were the only school-related factors that mediated the relationship between involvement in forms of past school bullying in present cyberbullying. Results showed that there are common grounds on the mechanisms behind conventional and cyber forms of bullying, which may increase the potential of programs applied in schools that aim on cyberbullying reduction.

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