I (Eye) to I (Eye): Canada’s 2I’s, Reconciling International Student Migration and Indigenous Peoples

Conference: The Asian Conference on Education & International Development (ACEID2022)
Title: I (Eye) to I (Eye): Canada’s 2I’s, Reconciling International Student Migration and Indigenous Peoples
Stream: International Education
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Sabreena MacElheron, Lakehead University, Canada


The Canadian higher education institutional landscape has assumed a primary pathway for international student economic migration and now finds itself at the nexus of reconciliation between international students and Indigenous peoples. This session unpacks a literature review that reveals gaps that exist in the examination of Canadian higher educations’ role including the international education department’s role in building bridges of understanding and respectful relationships between international and Indigenous students within Canadian higher education. As this literature review will reveal, there has been no evidenced examination into how international students come to learn about Indigenous peoples pre-and-post arrival to Canada and builds the case for research to be undertaken on whether pre-and-post arrival discriminatory or hidden bias exists as part of international cultural transitioning in relations to Indigenous Peoples.

With 2.1 million international students studying in Canada in 2020, and 1.3 million domestic students (most Indigenous), we have reached a tipping point in higher education that has serious ramifications moving forward for Indigenous Peoples. This session will focus on the research that is needed and pivotal to the realization of the Truth and Reconciliation (2015) Calls to Action #94, which has changed the Canadian citizenship oath for new immigrants to "recognize and affirm the Aboriginal and treaty rights of First Nations, Inuit, and Metis Peoples [to] fulfill [their] duties as a Canadian citizen" (IRCC 2020).

Virtual Presentation

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