Title: From Strangers to Participants: Hui Intellectuals’ Involvement With the Transnational Muslim Network in the Early Twentieth Century
Stream: Islamic Studies
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Hsiu-Ping Bao, National Chi Nan University, Taiwan
After the First World War, Muslim elites from Muslim-majority societies gradually formed a loose transnational Muslim network, united by their common experience of European imperial racism and inspired by the principles of self-determination. Three periods are of crucial importance for the transnational Muslim network: the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1923), the Abolition of the Caliphate (1924), and Jewish immigration to Palestine (1930s). Several studies have examined how Muslim intellectuals engaged with these historical events, yet little is known about Muslim minorities in East Asia, who were also part of the transnational network. Between the 1920s and 1930s, Sino-Muslim intellectuals, also known as Hui, were committed to the transnational Muslim network. Before the 1920s, Hui intellectuals were not well connected to the Muslim-majority societies. Apart from the annual pilgrimage (Hajj), Hui intellectuals had few dealings with the Middle East and did not learn about local political and social development in the region; Middle Eastern Muslims likewise had little knowledge of the Hui community. However, after the First World War, Hui intellectuals reached out to the transnational Muslim network through travel, study and public diplomacy. The paper explores how Hui intellectuals participated in the transnational Muslim network in the early twentieth century.
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