Title: Depression Among Older Adults in COVID-19 Pandemic, Family Medicine Clinic, Vajira Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study
Stream: Lifespan Health Promotion
Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
Basmon Manomaipiboon, Navamindhradhiraj University, Thailand
Aksornanong Tangthong, Navamindhradhiraj University, Thailand
Currently, the world faces a new infectious disease pandemic, the novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Older adults are especially at risk of infection and often have severe symptoms. In addition, this situation also had psychological effects, such as causing anxiety, anger, stress, isolation, or confusion during the pandemic, or some may be quarantined, which leads to stress and depression. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated factors of depression among older adults in the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic who attended the family medicine clinic in an Urban setting in Vajira Hospital, a tertiary care centre in Bangkok, Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was done between 20th July and 31st October 2021. A total of 156 participants aged 60 and over attending a family medicine clinic was obtained. The 15-item Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15) questionnaire was used for the initial diagnosis of depression to determine the prevalence. Multiple logistic regression was applied to identify associated factors. The prevalence of depression, based on the TGDS-15 cut-off score of ≥ 5, was 20.5%. In addition, occupation, income inadequacy, debt, and history of recovery from Coronavirus 2019 infection were significantly associated with depression among older adults. Almost one-fifth of the older adults visiting a Family Medicine Clinic in an Urban setting had depression which could deteriorate their health conditions. Therefore, mental health promotion, prevention programs, and screening should be implemented for a routine older adult visit to promote quality of life and well-being.
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