A Critical Review of Age Factors on Second Language Acquisition

Conference: The European Conference on Language Learning (ECLL2022)
Title: A Critical Review of Age Factors on Second Language Acquisition
Stream: Applied linguistics research
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Xiuzhi Zhai, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom


With the development of language, knowledge’s renewal in second language acquisition is taking place at an alarming pace. This paper reviews the research on second language acquisition over the past five years, in particular the second language learning of children and adults. Meanwhile, this review studies new frontier theories based on the development of age factor research, focusing on the promotion and regression between age factor and language. First, the impact of second language acquisition on children and adults in the critical period of language learning is paramount as young learners and adults have specific differences in the acquisition of a second language. Therefore, this paper also examines a series of studies during this critical period from multiple theoretical perspectives, including the differences between (family language environment, parental influence, or bilingual school) as well as the efficiency of learning a second language in different learning environments. Finally, through literature review, teaching strategies and methods are reflected upon to find ways of improving them.

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