Title: Significance of a King in the South-east Section of the Silk Road in the Period Between Ancient and Medieval Times
Stream: South-East Asian Studies (including Thailand/Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos)
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Natálie Gottvaldová, Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Along the Silk Road, there were different nations that differed not only ethnically, politically, culturally, but also religiously. Southeast Asia was a very important, both commercial and cultural artery. The route network was connected between countries in the eastern world along the coast of the Asian continental mainland and many associated archipelagos, thus connecting this southeastern part to the west on a wider scale. At first glance, however, quite different worlds were connected culturally - by the religious sphere, by the position of the king, which eliminated differences after both the geographical and ethnic origins of the cultures. The Sacred King combined both material power and spiritual power, and was a guarantee of certainty for that particular society. This position of ruler appears in both Eastern and Western societies, across history. First, I will focus on defining the characteristic features of a Sacred king. I characterize these features based on written and material sources in the various areas where this type of king has appeared, in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Subsequently, I analyze and apply these features in the Khmer Empire and the Kingdom of Funan.
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