Title: Can a Fall Be Associated With Frailty 5 Years After Its Occurrence?
Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Introduction: Falls have been associated with a higher prevalence of frailty, as shown by several cross-sectional studies. This article seeks to answer whether, in a longitudinal follow-up, a fall can be associated with frailty five years after its occurrence.
Materials: It was used Information from the SABE Study, carried out in São Paulo, Brazil on four dates: 2000, 2006, 2010 and 2015. The research aimed to identify the health conditions and well-being of elderly people aged 60 years and over. For this work, only surveys from 2010 and 2015 were considered.
Methods: In the 2010 survey, non-frail individuals (n = 462) were selected, considering those who had a fall in the previous year (n = 109) and those who did not fall (n = 353). Of this total, 316 reached 2015 and were interviewed again. Being a complex sample, the estimates and tests were carried out with weights due to sample design.
Results: The estimate for 2015 resulted in a prevalence of frailty of 4.5% among those who did not have falls in 2010 and 12.1% for those who did. The Rao-Scott test for presented a value of p = 0.076.
Conclusions: There is a strong indication that the falls in 2010 are associated with the frailty observed in 2015, with a prevalence ratio of 2.7.
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