ECE Peace Ambassador Project (ECE-PAP): Reducing Bullying in the Early Years

Conference: The European Conference on Education (ECE2022)
Title: ECE Peace Ambassador Project (ECE-PAP): Reducing Bullying in the Early Years
Stream: Educational Research, Development & Publishing
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Mun Wong, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Thomas G. Power, Washington State University, United States


This study is among the first to research how aggressive behaviour of young children can be reduced by interventions during the preschool year in Asia. With the emphases of harmony among peers in the Confucian philosophy, Chinese children are likely to bottle up their frustrations associated with bullying (Tam & Taki, 2007). Research shows that physical and verbal bullying are common in preschool years (Alsaker & Nägele, 2008; Repo & Sajaniemi 2015) and a growing problem in schools in Hong Kong (Wong, 2004). This project investigated the efficacy of a unique intervention programme, the ECE Peace Ambassador Project (ECE-PAP), in reducing bullying in the early years. The study explored the impact of ECE-PAP on children’s a) understanding emotions of the self and others; b) coping strategies in managing emotions; c) motivation to reduce bullying behaviour; d) showing empathy towards others; and e) using social skills to maintain good relationships among peers. Participants comprise 320 children aged five to six and teachers from 16 kindergartens from areas with a range of SES (socioeconomic status) families in Hong Kong. This study will make new theoretical contributions to the research on anti-bullying programmes by testing the effects of emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies on young children’s ability to deal with bullying, and to prevent or stop bullying among peers during the early years.

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