Teachers’ Perceptions of their Goals: Toward Pro-SEL Pedagogy

Conference: The European Conference on Education (ECE2022)
Title: Teachers’ Perceptions of their Goals: Toward Pro-SEL Pedagogy
Stream: Teaching Experiences, Pedagogy, Practice & Praxis
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Enas Qadan, Al-Qasemi Academic College, Israel
Wisam Chaleila, Al-Qasemi Academic College, Israel
Lena Gnaim - Abu Touma, Al-Qasemi Academic College, Israel


Employing a qualitative method of in-depth interviews and collecting data based on grounded theory (Shkedi, 2011; Corbin & Strauss, 2008), this study examined the perceptions and pedagogical responses of thirty teachers to the eruption of the Covid-19 pandemic, as the entire education system was shut down and teaching had to switch from the physical to the online classroom. The findings showed that considerable changes were made in the participants’ pedagogy and such changes essentially applied to two main categories: teaching goals and strategies. Changes in teaching goals focused on shifting the emphasis to developmental pro-SEL pedagogy including five sub-categories: (1) developing the ability to cope with situations of stress and anxiety, (2) developing self-confidence and autonomous learning competence, (3) enhancing learning motivation, (4) developing autonomous learning skills, and (5) strengthening positive relations among students. The findings also pointed to a significant correlation between these pedagogical changes and teachers’ perceptions of their teaching as a profession during the crisis. The second primary category centered on the application of relevant teaching strategies to attain the goals of the first category. This category comprised three sub-categories: (1) pedagogical changes in the direction of cooperative teaching, small-group teaching, gamification and inquisitive learning, (2) changes at the personal-emotional level and creating space for reciprocal emotional discourse, caring, giving a personal response, and using emotional language; and (3) changes at the organisational level, chief among them flexibility in scheduling.

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