Comparative Discourse Between Covering Ukrainian, Syrian and Afghani Refugee Crisis

Conference: The European Conference on Media, Communication & Film (EuroMedia2022)
Title: Comparative Discourse Between Covering Ukrainian, Syrian and Afghani Refugee Crisis
Stream: Media Disaster Coverage
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Noorhan Aboubakr, Columbia College, Canada


With media covering different crises around the world, one would expect fair and unbiased reportage, without putting one’s personal feelings, favors or biases. Currently, all world news outlets have their eyes on the Russian vs Ukraine conflict since February 2022. The language used by those outlets to describe the conflict and the refugee status is an interesting research area when compared to prior conflicts; while Russia is the main actor in both Ukraine and Syria, the language used to describe the war events and the refugees appears to be opposites. This paper aims to compare the language used in the Ukraine crisis and the Syrian Crisis (2015), along with the refugees from Afghanistan, after Taliban took over and how different media outlets covered the refugee emergency. The methodology used will be comparative discourse analysis, as it is the best method to show the different narratives expressed in news coverage in Ukraine (2022) and Syria (2015).

Through the lens of the news framing theory, there will be a comparison of the different narratives, surrounding the two wars with one main actor: Russia. This paper will contribute to the ongoing discussion of the colonization of media and the dominance of Western media by penetrating specific stereotypes and choosing specific frames for the world.

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