Tendencies in Higher Education System Through ANT

Conference: The European Conference on Education (ECE2020)
Title: Tendencies in Higher Education System Through ANT
Stream: Higher Education
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Authors:
Naira Danielyan, National Research University of Electronic Technology, Russia

Abstract:

The report considers modern tendencies prevailing in the higher education system while training technical specialists nowadays. According to the author, excluding the humanitarian courses from curriculum results in the complete dissolution of subjectivity in the impersonal world, which is deprived of ‘living’ knowledge, i.e., definite knowledge of a definite person. The application of such an approach is illustrated by the actor-network theory (ANT). It supposes subject integration with his moral imperatives and categories into the actor-network system being the social and technological unity of material and non-material components. Such depersonalization can be reckoned as a feature of the modern technologically computerized education. While studying a number of works by ANT founders, it turned out to be clear that such an approach eliminates any differences between natural and humanitarian, engineering and philosophical knowledge. As a result, the net emerges consisting of numerous actants. It is characterized by a collective action resulting in subjectivity disappearance in the net interaction, which requires from every participant his ‘building-in’ a model with the functions being delegated him in advance. The report concludes that an ‘alive’ component is disappearing from the higher education nowadays when the main stress is being made on the knowledge acquired a priopi, not a posteriori. It is high time thinking about the quality of the educational system preparing ‘narrow-profile’ specialists. They may act as ‘bolts’ in actor-network models that have lost their individuality and ability to any reflection.