The Birth of Smart Teachers: A Genealogical Examination of the Newest Teacher Subjectivity on the Matter of Technology Use

Conference: The European Conference on Education (ECE2020)
Title: The Birth of Smart Teachers: A Genealogical Examination of the Newest Teacher Subjectivity on the Matter of Technology Use
Stream: Professional Training, Development & Concerns in Education
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Authors:
Sejin Lee, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Kyungmee Lee, Lancaster University, United Kingdom

Abstract:

This study employs Foucauldian concept of “genealogy” to explore rules, norms and knowledge of popular educational discourses about ‘SMART education’ in South Korean contexts. In order to illuminate the discursive formation of the discourses, this paper studies a certain version of ‘good teacher’ in its situated contexts. The authors investigate SMART education discourses by collecting public documents (e.g., national policies, research reports, news articles), and by generating relevant documents (e.g., interview) in combination with analytical tools provided by Fairclough (2003). With the collected textual data and the tools, this paper uses four-part Foucauldian framework to illustrate the constructed teacher subject: 1) What aspects of teachers needed to change (substance), 2) For what reason should this change happen (mode), 3) What are teachers supposed to do to change themselves (the regimen), 4) What a model or perfect version of teacher might look like (telos). The research intends to show the formation of teacher subject in this specific historical juncture which might be rather limited in relation to issues of technology use in teacher education. The writers consider the characteristic of SMART education discourses which totalise so called ‘good’ educational values under the name of innovation and vilify ‘traditional’ education. Ultimately, this research aims to open up our discussions regarding different possibilities by re-imagining future versions of education and teachers as well as the current one.