Acquisition and Recognition of Chinese Character Using Chunking Method in College Second Language Classroom

Conference: The European Conference on Language Learning (ECLL2020)
Title: Acquisition and Recognition of Chinese Character Using Chunking Method in College Second Language Classroom
Stream: Culture and Language
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Authors:
Wanru Xue, Utah State University, United States

Abstract:

Chinese language is belonging to orthographic and morphological system, and most characters can separate into different parts which have phonetic or semantic functions. For students to learn Chinese efficiently, chunking method or visual chunking is introduced by Sung, Tsai, and Hung (2019), defined as “a Chinese character into chunks to reduce the complexity of character forms and resent smaller units for encoding (p.113).” In other words, chunking method used in Chinese character acquisition assists learners' memory through visual awareness (Sung et al., 2019). Existing literature has investigated Chinese character learning in K-12 using the chunking method (Ada K.H. Pak et al., 2005; Chang, 2015; Sung et al., 2019; Xu & Padila, 2013), thus, in order to provide comprehensive chunking method on Chinese character instruction, this study investigated the effectiveness of college students using the chunking method to learn Chinese characters. Thirty-four CFL (Chinese as a foreign language) college learners including 22 advanced and 12 beginner students were involved in this study and introduced three chunking activities in the Chinese classroom. The development of the activities introduced in this study helps CFL learners to learn and review characters more efficiently.