The Effects of Market Places on the Spatial Variability of the Urban Soundscape: A Case Study in the Department of Cauca (Colombia)

Conference: The European Conference on Arts & Humanities (ECAH2020)
Title: The Effects of Market Places on the Spatial Variability of the Urban Soundscape: A Case Study in the Department of Cauca (Colombia)
Stream: Science, Environment and the Humanities
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Authors:
Julián Grijalba, Colegio Mayor del Cauca University, Colombia

Abstract:

The soundscape paradigm is the emerging alternative to the reductionist vision of noise in all the cities around the world. Thus, the urban sound studies of 21 century focus on integrating physical and perceptual factors, which underlie the interaction between citizenship and its closest acoustic environment. This study examines the soundscape produced by market places of 5 towns in the department of Cauca (Colombia). To do so, 50 noise measurements and 50 stereophonic recordings were made for the purpose of obtaining soundscape cartographies that allowed their proper evaluation. The findings prove a wide range of spatial variability, which suggests the conformation of positive and differenced sound experiences according to the particularity of each evaluated place. Therefore, it is concluded that the soundscape diversity contributes to the social well-being of the population and to the phonic identity of the city, especially if it is adopted during urban planning processes. In this logic, the inclusion and revitalization of the public market areas can be considered, since their various layers of meaning are part of the sonorous imaginary of the urban inhabitants. Likewise, it is also recommended to expand the scale of detail in future studies and to deepen in new tools of representation and understanding of the urban soundscape.