Effective Writing Strategies for Confucian Heritage Cultural Students

Conference: The European Conference on Language Learning (ECLL2020)
Title: Effective Writing Strategies for Confucian Heritage Cultural Students
Stream: Applied linguistics research
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Ayako Nakai, Toyo University, Japan


This study examines effective writing strategies for Confucian Heritage Cultural (CHC) students and investigates their effectiveness in a Japanese context. The pilot study comprised 10 CHC students from 4 different countries at a university in London. They were recruited and interviewed in 2012 to measure the quality of their language learner’s writing strategies. Various writing strategies were adopted, such as, examining models of good essays and studying essay structure. The main study comprised 46 students recruited from X university in Japan. They were divided into two groups: the experimental group (Group A) and the control group (Group B), each with 23 students. The groups participated in two different English writing classes in 2014. The experimental group was asked to read model essays and then write a new one within 30 minutes based. The two groups’ essays were checked twice. Here, the students’ English fluency was measured based on the average number of words in their timed essays. The pre-test showed that both groups had almost the same fluency in writing [ F (1,44)=.008, n s p =.929]. After the treatment, it was analyzed using two-way ANOVA. The data analysis revealed a significant difference between the average number of words in the pre-tests and post-tests of both groups at the .01 level [ F (1,44)=84.989, p <.01]. Moreover, there was an interaction effect in both groups. The results indicate that students in Group A that read model essays developed more fluency in writing than those in Group B.