Title: Understanding Local Cultural Factors Towards the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals
Stream: Cultural Sustainability: Protecting, Preserving and Conserving
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Eduardo Ordonez-Ponce, Athabasca University, Canada
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are probably the greatest agreement ever achieved among countries to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure peace and prosperity for all by 2030. However, international policies such as the SDGs have forgotten the inclusion of local cultures that would enable the achievement of their goals. This is certainly one of the problems that the Millennium Development Goals had to achieve their success. Culture and sustainable development have been studied in the context of corporations, educational systems, as well of environmental sustainability. However, the role that local cultures play in the achievement of sustainability is a connection not yet fully explored. This research contributes to understanding the role that local cultural factors play in the achievement of the SDGs with the purpose of shedding some light into the cultural nuances of every country in the attainment of sustainability. To achieve this purpose, regression models were used considering Hofstede’s cultural dimensions as independent variables at the country level and the 2020 country SDG Score, overall and as partial scores, as dependent variables. The datasets contain more than 100 countries. Results show statistically significant relationships between some of Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and the SDG Score at the country level in general and for some groups of countries (organised per income, classification, continent, and region), and between the cultural predictors and most of the SDGs. This research seeks to contribute to policy development by highlighting the relevance of local culture in the achievement of the SDGs.
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