Title: The Politics of Knowledge in Black Carbon Mitigation: Policy Entrepreneurs, Framing and Structural Environments in Europe and Asia
Stream: Environmental Sustainability & Environmental Management: Atmosphere and Air
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Pami Aalto, Tampere University, Finland
Anna Claydon, Tampere University, Finland
Mitigation of black carbon (BC) emissions is one of the crucial short-term measures for climate change mitigation. In addition, fewer BC emissions would bring significant co- benefits since BC also impairs public health and food security, resulting in adverse socio-economic effects. In this article, the focus is on the politics of knowledge in BC mitigation. Drawing upon a content analysis of expert interviews and document data, a case study is introduced on Finnish policy entrepreneurs with a prominent record on BC mitigation, including both public and private sector actors. The analysis proceeds from the cognitive frames of policy entrepreneurs, conceptualised to comprise problem definitions which in turn are influenced by the constellation of underlying interests ranging from climate and health issues to exports of mitigation technology. On this basis, we assess how the policy entrepreneurs seek to grasp the structural environments within which they must operate to realise their interests. Two such structural environments are analysed: the EU market, and the Asian market which emerges as a key direction of interest, being globally the most significant origin of BC emissions and hence comprising a potent market for mitigation technologies and area of policy intervention. We find a predominantly narrow frame of BC mitigation among the Finnish actors, contrasted to a ‘wide’ frame in the Asian context where BC is one among many co-pollutants and issue linkages more complex.
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