Assessing Social Apathy Among Filipino Young Adults: Construction and Validation of the Social Apathy Test (SOCAP)

Conference: The Asian Conference on Education & International Development (ACEID2022)
Title: Assessing Social Apathy Among Filipino Young Adults: Construction and Validation of the Social Apathy Test (SOCAP)
Stream: Education, Sustainability & Society: Social Justice, Development & Political Movements
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Dianne Ricafranca, Ateneo De Naga University, Philippines
Mel Christian Celedonio, Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines
Patricia Estrella, Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines


Filipino young adults are often observed to lack social consciousness or interest of their socio-political environment, thus, being regarded as socially apathetic. Social apathy refers to the disorientation of the processes of society. It is a cause of insecurity and powerlessness that lead to the incapacity to build and value social life. To date, there are many tools in the literature used to measure apathy in general, but not taking into account other specific aspects of it such as social apathy. Therefore, our objective is the construction and validation of a tool for assessing the social apathy of Filipino young adults. We carried out a content validation of the originally 40-item Likert scale with a panel of licensed psychologists and psychometrician and proceeded to a pilot testing to 320 respondents aged 17 to 26 years old. The tool was reduced into 38 items within two subscales (Political Apathy and Moral Apathy) and were further analyzed through exploratory factor analysis to test its construct validity, which was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.001). Moreover, all six components (Interest, Voter, Bystander, Influence, Moral Indifference and Moral Callousness) were found to have good to excellent reliability. Correlational analysis determined that all the components were found to have a significant relationship with the main construct which is Social Apathy. Social Apathy Test (SOCAP) has overall good psychometric qualities and can be used to devise a statistical data about the levels of social apathy.

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