Diversified Career Path of Legislators in New Democracies: South Korea’s Case

Conference: The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences (ACSS2022)
Title: Diversified Career Path of Legislators in New Democracies: South Korea’s Case
Stream: Politics, Public Policy, Law & Criminology
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Akio Nawakura, Meiji University, Japan


This study asks how legislators’ career path has been changed for these a few decades in newly democratized non-Western countries by analyzing the case of South Korea. In Western European democracies, career path and political background of legislators, including their previous offices, have emerged as one of major research theme in political science. Recent works point out that the legislators’ background in Germany and France has been more diversified than ever thought. Meanwhile, those previous works have paid little attention on non-Western democracies such as Asia and Latin America. This study analyzes the case of South Korea’s National Assembly, which has been under liberal democracy for more than three decades. By large-N analysis and cross-tabulation on the member of the National Assembly since the 1990s, the author’s research shows that the background and career path of legislators have been diversified also in South Korea. Showing the result of the analysis above, this study shows some implication for parliamentary studies worldwide.

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