Title: Exploration of the Relationship Between Housing Conditions and Cultural Capital in Hong Kong
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation
Wan Sang Kan, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Vanessa Hoi Mei Cheung, Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong Kong
Due to the over-population and less land supply, the housing condition in Hong Kong is undersupplied, which leads to nearly 30% were under 25 lived in sub-divided flat (Consensus, 2020). Till now, no research study examined the cultural capital and housing condition among the youngers. Therefore, this study aims to i) explore the characteristics among the sub-divided flats residents; ii) compare the difference in cultural capital in different housing types. 280 respondents were recruited in a cross-sectional quantitative study. The Cultural Capital Scale and socio-demographic factors were collected by self-reported questionnaires. The results found that more than 70% of the younger people’s parents were not schooling or only completed primary school education, which showed a higher proportion than the other housing group. Regarding the family income, 66.7% of respondents earned less than 40,000 HKD among the sub-divided flats residents. According to the results of ANOVA, there were significant differences in cultural capital between the types of housing, F(3, 279) = 37.87, p < .001. Post hoc analyses were conducted using LSD. The cultural capital in the sub-divided flats group (M = 1.65, SD = .21) was significantly less than in the public housing group (M = 2.82, SD = .61), Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) group (M = 3.00, SD = .46) and private housing group (M = 3.03, SD = .50). This study provided an insight for advocators and policy makers that more social resources should be allocated to the individuals who are in need.
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