Title: Could the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Replace the Role of Teacher in 21st Century Educational System? A Critical Review Analysis
Stream: Design, Implementation & Assessment of Innovative Technologies in Education
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Bevo Wahono, University of Jember, Indonesia
Bayu Taruna Widjaja Putra, University of Jember, Indonesia
This study aims to deal with the big and frequent question when people talk about artificial intelligence in the education field; whether or not artificial intelligence (AI) could replace the role of a teacher in the 21st-century educational system. AI is unavoidable because, in many circumstances, modern AI is more effective and much more efficient than people, including in education which promises to deliver the highest goal of teaching and learning, wise and caring direction for each student, accommodated to the individual's needs, as well as potentially provides customized learning environments. An initial critical review analysis extracted from 12 reputable journal articles was done to address the complicated question. The result indicates that AI could not replace the role of an "experienced teacher". However, all of the references agreed that AI is beneficial in the modern era of teaching and learning. A teacher has an unchangeable role as a well-curriculum designer of diverse individual characteristics and learning styles in the classroom. Besides, although AI could be a good predictor and advisor, it is weak in precisely recognizing human mental status and creativity. In addition, if the data are scarce and corrupt, the benefits of AI are littlest. Therefore, the teachers should consider how to do the best to utilize AI techniques for students' academic success rather much more worry about the challenge since many other jobs are being replaced by automation.
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