Title: Structure and Strategies of News: How BBC, CNN and AL Jazeera Report Hong Kong Protests, 2019-2011
Stream: International Communication
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Ruiyue Zhang, University of Westminster, United Kingdom
Hong Kong protests have been a controversial topic in international communication. The research purposively selected 60 articles from BBC, CNN, and Al Jazeera (20 each) about the protests during the proposal of the extradition law and the enactment of the new national security law, 2019-2021. Van Dijk’s detailed discourse analytical approach (1991) is applied to analysing reports about Hong Kong combining with more recent theories such as Renkema & Schubert’s theories of structure of news (2018). Such a discourse analytical approach pays attention to the macro-level of news, including the analysis of headlines, leads and models; and micro-level of articles, including selections of words and rhetoric. The study has found news is presented differently in the three media outlets based on distinct geopolitical interests. For example, CNN tends to relate HK protesters with American politics while BBC with the colonial history. Besides that, reports showcase patterns of reporting, which construct images of 'us' and 'them' among the West, HK protesters and the Chinese regime.
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