Are We Nearing the Goal of Equity in Education? The Atypical Case of Israel for the Years 2008-2018

Conference: The European Conference on Education (ECE2022)
Title: Are We Nearing the Goal of Equity in Education? The Atypical Case of Israel for the Years 2008-2018
Stream: Education, Sustainability & Society: Social Justice, Development & Political Movements
Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
Zehorit Dadon-Golan, Hemdat College of Education and Bar Ilan University, Israel


An equitable and quality education system that aims at developing all school-age children is one of the important mechanisms for increasing the wealth of the nation and for maintaining social cohesion. Education serves as a national infrastructure and encompasses major factors in providing equal opportunities, but equitable education narrows the achievement gap. Furthermore, it is essential for narrowing social gaps (Lucas, 2002; Piketty, 2014; Stiglitz, 2013). The consequences of educational inequality are key issues that have many social and economic aspects, and therefore, they highlight the importance of this research. The objective of this research is conceptualize an innovative framework for measuring educational inequality, to measure trends in educational inequality over time, and to analyze its underlying origins, based on educational quality indices developed in this work. The research method is based on applying the Gini Coefficient to the field of education. A unique database was specifically developed for this research by the Ministry of Education. This database includes data on student levels for the years 208-2018. The findings of the analysis of inequality according to Gini coefficient indicate that the level of overall inequality decreased throughout the years 2008-2018 (by 22%). This trend is salient in cross-sectional analysis because of the variables of gender, region, and maternal education. The theoretical and empirical importance of this research lies in its conceptualization, development, and measurement of the factors affecting educational inequality.

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