Precious Murals in the Religious Building of Pothimala, District Firozpur, Punjab, India

Conference: The European Conference on Arts & Humanities (ECAH2022)
Title: Precious Murals in the Religious Building of Pothimala, District Firozpur, Punjab, India
Stream: Arts - Visual Arts Practices
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Srishti Pandey Sharma, Jamia Millia Islamia, India


This paper discusses the precious murals in the religious building of Pothimala. The study and interpretation endorses the philosophy of shared religious traditions followed and respected by the people of Punjab. Pothimala Building is situated at Guru Har Sahai in Firozpur District of Punjab India. The foundation of this building was laid by Guru Jiwan Mal (7th Direct Descendent of Guru Ram Das, the 4th Sikh Guru) in 1745 CE. The Pothimala building derives its name from the fact that Guru Nanak Dev’s personal Pothi (handwritten scripture / book) and Mala (rosary) is housed in this religious place / building.

The murals in Pothimala fall in the category of Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) since the paintings have been executed upon freshly-laid ("wet") lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the dry-powder pigment to merge with the plaster, and with the setting of the plaster, the painting becomes an integral part of the wall.

The frescoes can be divided into the three categories of Hindu, Sikh and Folk Tales. The Hindu frescoes are further divided into the themes of Ramanya and Bhagwat Gita. The Sikh frescoes are mainly on the themes of Gurus. The themes of frescoes covering folk tales are "Laila-Majnu" and "Soni-Mahiwal". The study and analysis of frescoes dovetails very well with the existing history available in three formats (written, oral transmission from generation to generation visual flux) and prevalent cultures in the state of the Punjab.

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