Finding Solutions to Poor Performance in the Botswana Education Systems and Lessons Learnt From COVID-19

Conference: The Barcelona Conference on Education (BCE2022)
Title: Finding Solutions to Poor Performance in the Botswana Education Systems and Lessons Learnt From COVID-19
Stream: Learning Experiences, Student Learning & Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Veronica Margaret Makwinja, Botswana Accountancy College, Botswana
Olivia Ndzimuunopa Nthoi, Botho University, Botswana


As the world evolves towards complex technological advances in Botswana poor academic performance in schools has over the years remained of paramount concern. To date not only do students in public schools perform poorly in their end of year examinations, but throughout the entire teaching and learning process in general. The situation was exacerbated by the outbreak of COVID_19. Several studies have been carried out as an attempt to unravel the causes of failure, but there is no evidence whether the recommendations suggested for improvement have been successfully implemented. The relevance of associated interventions remain questionable as the status quo remains the same. Year after year, scathing reports of high rates of failure are shared in various forum. The Ministry of Basic Education and the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development carried out a study entitled, “Public Expenditure Review (PER) of the Basic Education Sector in Botswana,” that identified several challenges the country faces in its education system, such as, overcrowded classrooms, poor performance in the national examinations, education decisions made from different ministries, especially for primary education, poor in international educational assessments (World Bank Groups, 2019). This paper is an attempt to assist the Botswana government implement solutions to the challenges faced by the education system, including those experienced during the COVID-19 outbreak, that continuously perpetuates poor performance in schools, leading to poor standard and quality of education. The researcher will analyse secondary data collected over years to recommend solutions to the problems experienced by the country.

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