Title: Remote Learning Infrastructure and Practice in Philippine Secondary & Higher Education: Current Situation and Proposed Direction
Stream: Teaching Experiences, Pedagogy, Practice & Praxis
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
David Michael San Juan, De La Salle University & National Research Council of the Philippines, Philippines
Prince Jhay Agustin, De La Salle University, Philippines
Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, the education sector is already in a crisis in the Philippines – mired in perennial backlogs in resources and personnel, and suffering from worsening quality evident in low average scores in national standardized tests and in international assessments too. Thus, the education crisis got worse when the pandemic struck as new gaps in needed resources sprouted (such as gadgets and infrastructure for online learning). This is a descriptive study that utilizes a combination of literature review, policy analysis, experience-based observations, and secondary data analysis, to 1) describe the situation of the necessary infrastructure (e.g. electricity and internet) for remote learning in the Philippines; 2) present the current situation of remote learning practice in the Philippines; and 3) outline proposed policies to improve the infrastructure and practice of remote learning in the country. The researcher concludes that based on data gathered, many communities still lack the necessary basic infrastructure for online learning, and even in areas where these are available, the costs pose a barrier to universal access. Furthermore, while private schools are able to cope up with the requirements of online learning, public schools have a lot of catching up to do, especially in secondary education where a number of communities were compelled by the circumstances to adopt modular (non-online) modes during the pandemic. Thus, the researcher recommends that the government ensure that the basic infrastructure for online learning be established and enhanced nationwide, and that costs be regulated to ensure universal access.
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