Mapping the Road to Fourth Cinema

Conference: The Asian Conference on Media, Communication & Film (MediAsia2022)
Title: Mapping the Road to Fourth Cinema
Stream: Visual Communication
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Sakshi Yadav, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani Campus, India
Sushila Shekhawat, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, India


One way of looking at film history in the global scenario is to examine it through the categorization of cinema into first, second, third and fourth cinema, this classification goes hand-in- hand with the political grouping of nation states as first, second, third and fourth world. This research intends to investigate this categorization of world cinema by drawing upon theoretical discussions that have deployed terms such as First, Second and Third Cinema and place fourth cinema in relation to Indigenous Cinema. The concept of fourth cinema differentiates indigenous cinema from other categories of world cinema. It would study fourth cinema as a blend of audio-visual production developed primarily by indigenous people enabled with their interests and stories at the centre. It will explore politics of representing indigeneity, bringing marginalized voices and visions, issues, and debates into the limelight. The research will make use of existing theoretical knowledge on the study of first, second and third cinema and employ Barclay’s central concept of interiority and exteriority to examine indigenous filmmaking along with the conceptual frameworks such as Randolph Lewis’ Cinema of sovereignty and Martin Nakata’s Indigenous Standpoint theory. This study would also trace some key features of fourth cinema and its role in giving expression to indigenous voices.

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