The Making of Superintendents of Education in South Korea

Conference: The Barcelona Conference on Education (BCE2022)
Title: The Making of Superintendents of Education in South Korea
Stream: Educational Policy, Leadership, Management & Administration
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Yueh-Chun Huang, National Chiayi University, Taiwan


Since 2007 the superintendents of education in South Korea have been elected by the general public. This is the so-called direct election system for superintendents. The superintendents are directly elected by the residents, who significantly differ from their counterparts in most other countries. Moreover, this change in nature is an innovative reform. Its purposes are to implement decentralization, local participation, educational administration independent of the general administration, and professional governance in South Korea. On June 1, 2022, the latest election of local superintendents was held together with the election of the local city and provincial chiefs and councilors. The purpose of this study is thus to observe the latest local election of education superintendents and to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the election mechanism of local education superintendents in South Korea. For the above purposes, the interview method was employed in the study. In this study, there are six interviewees, comprising four professors and two superintendents. Based on the findings, suggestions are made for improving the superintends election system, including lowering the voting age, running the mating system, establishing a regional education committee, evaluating local offices of education, and nominating candidates for the superintendent of education by the Parties.

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