Title: The Attitudes of Medical and Nursing Students Toward Homeless People
Stream: Education, Sustainability & Society: Social Justice, Development & Political Movements
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
Reginald Salonga, Nagoya City University, Japan
Michiyo Higuchi, Nagoya City University, Japan
Theoretically, students enter health sciences program with an existing set of positive attitudes toward providing health care to those who are sick. Homeless people face several financial and nonfinancial barriers to accessing health care, and they are frequently stigmatized as troublesome and undesirable patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the attitudes of sixth-year medical students and fourth-year nursing students toward homeless people and the effect of age, gender, or any contact with homeless people on these attitudes. The Health Professional Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory (HPATHI), was administered to sixth-year medical students and fourth-year nursing students of the Nagoya City University, Nagoya City Japan in 2021. The HPATHI was completed by 90 medical students and 82 nursing students, for an overall response rate of 90% and 96.5% respectively. The records of 90 students (67.8 percent male and 30.0 percent female) who had all required data were used for data analysis. The mean HPATHI score was 74 (SE=0.69) out of maximum 90 on the instrument. In the case of nursing students, the records of 82 students (98.8 percent female and 1.2 percent male) who had all required data were used for data analysis. The mean HPATHI score was 73.30 (SE=0.69) out of maximum 90 on the instrument. Only two medical students and four nursing students had previous contact with homeless people during their medical/nursing program. The results suggest that medical and nursing students had positive attitudes toward the homeless people.
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