Best Practices: Model United Nations Simulations and English as a Lingua Franca

Conference: The Barcelona Conference on Education (BCE2022)
Title: Best Practices: Model United Nations Simulations and English as a Lingua Franca
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation
Lori Zenuk-Nishide, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Japan
Donna Tatsuki, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Japan


Model United Nations (MUN) simulations are uniquely positioned to help students develop their language ability and their global competencies, as well as being ideal opportunities for participants to experience English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) in an intensely communicative context. A common goal in MUN simulations is to prepare students to solve problems that are associated with living in a technological, competitive and globally connected world, where the majority of English spoken globally is ELF. This presentation outlines the four separate learning phases in MUN where students gain knowledge in the workings of the United Nations (UN) as well as contemporary international issues. MUN provides students with a forum to develop and use skills in diplomacy, negotiation, critical thinking, compromise, public speaking, academic writing, and research The educational experience which culminates in a simulation emphasizes collaboration and cooperative resolution of conflict. The four phases include 1) initial preparation: research on country, region, UN agenda to be discussed, reading, position papers writing, resolution and amendment writing, speech writing, and policy development, 2) pre-event priming: practice oriented activities including the rules of procedure, negotiating working groups and policies to co-write resolutions and a complete run through of the concurrent event, 3) during an MUN event: formal speech making, setting the agenda, making working groups, negotiating and co-writing policies to be included in draft resolutions, collecting signatories, merging working papers with other working groups, and nightly group debriefings, and 4) post event: written and oral group debriefing on learning.

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