Household Waste Separation and Public Attitude: A Case Study of Dhaka City

Conference: The Asian Undergraduate Research Symposium (AURS9)
Title: Household Waste Separation and Public Attitude: A Case Study of Dhaka City
Stream: Sustainability: Ecology, Energy and the Environment
Presentation Type: Virtual Poster Presentation
Lameesa Gazi-Khan, North South University, Bangladesh
Md Zawad Amin As-Salek, North South University, Bangladesh
Sumaiya Sakishib Wriddhi, North South University, Bangladesh
Shama Emy Haque, North South University, Bangladesh
Nazmun Nahar, North South University, Bangladesh


Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, has a population of approximately 22 million. The city’s solid waste generation rate is predicted to increase to 8500 tonnes in 2032. The nature of the solid waste that is discarded from households is commingled, with 80% being organic waste. Approximately, 50% of the waste generated by Dhaka residents are collected daily by the Dhaka City Corporation’s waste collectors. Generally, the waste disposal process involves collection, sorting, recycling selected items and dumping of remaining waste into designated landfills. Sorting out waste at source helps reduce the dependency on the city’s landfills, which are nearing closure. The objective of this present study is to understand the attitude of Dhaka residents with regard to sorting of household waste at the point of generation and investigate the reasons behind current waste management practices. A structured questionnaire was developed and a survey was conducted among 30 people. The survey aimed to find out if people had knowledge on the importance of waste separation and the responses reflected that 88% of the participants agreed that they had knowledge on the topic. However, the responses suggest that the residents are less likely to separate their household waste before disposal and the participants suggested that monetary incentives may encourage them to sort out their domestic waste prior to collection. The outcome of this study is expected to bring attention to make suitable changes in the current waste disposal practice in this city and focuses on SDG 11, Sustainable Cities and Communities.

Virtual Presentation

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